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Most Popular Abbreviations and Full Forms

AAI-Airport Authority of India

ABG-Arterial Blood Gas

ABP-Ananda Bazaar Patrika News

ABM-Anti Balistic Missile

ABS-Anti-lock Braking System

ACD-Automatic Call Distributor

ACC-Associated Cement Companies

ACS-American Chemical Society

ACU-Asian Currency Union

AD-Anno Domini

ADB-Asian Development Bank

ADIDAS-Adolf “Adi” Dassler

ADHD-Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADR-American Depository Receipt

AHRC-Asian Human Rights Commission

AIAAA-American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

AICTE-All India Council for Technical Education


BA –       Bachelor of Arts

BAE-        Before Anyone Else

BAMS-    Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery

BARC  –   Bhaba Atomic Research Center

BASIC  –  Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BBA      –  Bachelor of Business Administration

BBC       – British Broadcasting Corporation

BCA        -Bachelor of Computer Applications

BCCI      -Board of Control of Cricket in India

BCE        -Before Common Era

BCG       -Bacillus Calmette-Guerin

B.Com   -Bachelor of Commerce

BDS        -Bachelor of Dental Surgery

B.Ed       -Bachelor of Education

BE          -Bachelor of Engineering

BFSI       -Banking, Financial Services, and Insurance

BHIM     -Bharat Interface for Money

BHMS    -Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery

BIFR       -Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction

BIOS      -Basic Input Output System

BIS         -Bureau of Indian Standards

BKU       -Bhartiya Kisan Union

BLOB     -Binary Large Object

BMD      -Bone Mineral Density

BMI        -Body Mass Index

BMR      -Basal Metabolic Rate

BMS       -Bachelor of Management Studies & Business Management System

BMT       -Bone Marrow Transplant

BMW     -Bayerische Motoren Werke

BOB       -Bank of Baroda

BODMAS  – Bracket, of, Division, Multiplication, Addition and Subtraction

BPL        -Below Poverty Line & British Physical Laboratories Group

BPO       -Business Process Outsourcing

BRB        -Be Right Back

BRICS   – Brazil Russia India China And South Africa

BRO       -Border Road Organization

BSC        -Bachelor of Science, Base Station Controller

BSF         -Border Security Force

B.Tech   -Bachelor of Technology

BTS        -Bangtan Sonyeondan

BUN       -Blood Urea Nitrogen


COO- Chief Operating Officer

CFL- Compact fluorescent lamp

DSLR- Digital single-lens reflex

DSP- Deputy Superintendent of Police

RDX-Research Department Explosive 

RDX- Royal Demolition Explosive

IPL- Indian Premier League

F.O.R- Freight on Road

NCR- National Capital Region

PS- Postscript

PVC- Poly Vinyl Chloride

RPM-Revolutions Per Minute

RSVP-Repondez s’il vous plait

SDM-Sub Divisional Magistrate

SHO-Station House Officer

SIT-Special Investigation Team

SSB-Service Selection Board

VISA-Charta Visa




Best 7 Earning Apps for Android Phones-2019-2020

On average a person spends more than 3 hours on mobile per day, they are spending their 80% time on using apps. Making money is very important to lead a cozy life. Are you thinking to convert your time on mobile into hard cash? If no, kindly stop reading it. If yes then this article is for you. You can easily turn your mindless scrolling into good earning. We have compiled a list of earning apps that will make your mobile accessing time very useful and beneficial. By using these apps, you can mobile bills, electricity bills, mobile recharge payments etc. Incredibly, these are genuine apps and without scams. Hundreds of people are earning money through these apps. These earning apps are following:

FOAP : Foap allows you to sell the photos captured by you. You can free sign up and start upload the pictures to sale. Interested buyers buy the images from Foap. You can also take part in pre-determined missions with particular themes. If your picture is selected and purchased, you get USD 5 per photo.  You can get money thorough PayPal.

KEETTOO :  This app is available in Android. You can earn through watching ads through notifications. You can earn good money. You can payment through Paytm or Mobiwik wallets. Keettoo app is completely free to download and earn.

There is an array of wallet apps that gives you opportunity to earn money online. However these don’t pay you money directly. But You can get cashback and other benefits through pay your utility bills and other payments. For e.g. PayTm gives you up to Rs. 300 for paying electricity bill through its wallet. You get cashback in your wallet account usually. You can get good benefits through paying Google Pay too.

INBOX DOLLARS: Inbox Dollars pays you small amount of earning for surveys. You can withdraw once your cash reaches USD 30.00. Inbox Dollars rewards you for taking part in surveys and market research. It is simple and easy app to earn. You will surprise to know that Inbox Dollars has paid over 35 million dollars to its members.


You can earn cashback or rebats on shopping your preferred brands. You have also chance to earn through link your store loyalty cards and send receipts to app. You can withdraw cash via PayPal or in form of gifts.


Make Money is a free app that gives you opportunity to earn cash easily. It gives you some tasks to complete. There are different surveys, tasks and services in the work. You can to follow its rules and complete tasks given by the app. Thus you can earn through this app. You should have PayPal account to withdraw your payment.


CashKarma is very easy and user orientated app.  Similar to Makemoney, you have to complete surveys to attain gift cards and rewards. You have to give opinion about the product. The money you received here, you can use it to recharge mobile, bill payment , DTH recharge, data card recharge, mobile bill payments and others.




Top Websites to Download HD Quality Punjabi Movies Free

Nowadays movies have become a divvy of life. These not only entertain but also inspire us. With exploring different types of movies such as drama, biopic, comedy, action, adventure, romance, sports, sci-fi, social reforms and uplifting fresh talents, Punjabi Cinema (Pollywood) is witnessing a lot of attraction with year after year. Punjabi movies are interesting and colorful with sweet music. These truly entertain all the audience; that’s why people eagerly wait for release of new Punjabi movie every time. From last 6-7 years, many Punjabi movies were released and appreciated by the audience. Fan club of Pollywood is growing day by day. Dazzling and hilarious comedy in Punjabi movies remains centre of attraction. I can count you some Punjabi comedian names on fingers: Jawinder Bhalla, Binnu Dhillon, Gurpreet Ghugi, B.N. Sharma and Karamjit Anmol.

Are you looking to find malware free websites to download Punjabi movies? Do you want to download Punjabi movies without accessing any Torrent site?  If you are interested in the same genre, you are at correct spot. Here I am going to give you a complied list of top websites to download Punjabi movies.

Note: In these websites, you can watch Punjabi movies online or download to watch offline. We don’t promote to download any latest movie. Here websites are only to watch and download previously launched movies.

If you are die-hard fan of Punjabi movies, you should definitely read this post. My motive is to provide you quality websites that are free from malware. I don’t guarantee you about accuracy of information. All websites change their policies time to time. Whether these websites may allow you to download or not, you need to ensure by visiting these websites. Here are some useful tips before download any Punjabi movie.

  1. You may bore with ads on the websites; you need to activate adblock on your browser (there are many ad-on available online for browsers).
  2. If automatically ads run by clicking, just close un-necessary pop ups and new tabs.
  3. If new pop up and tabs are opening without clicking, instantly close them.

Following websites will be very favorable to download Punjabi movies.

1. OK Punjab

Ok Punjab is prodigious website to download Punjabi movies. It is considered very good site to download Punjabi movies. It is choice of people to download Punjabi movies. You can download movies on mobiles and PC.  It is a site which allows downloading Punjabi and Hindi movies.

2. OK Jatt

You can visit to the website to download Punjabi movies. The website allows you to download previously launched (not latest) Punjabi movies. You can download movies in HD Quality.

3. Youtube

A mind-blowing and trustworthy website to download Punjabi movies, you will immediately answer Youtube.  Undoubtedly, Youtube is the biggest website to watch Punjabi movie online. You can also download Punjabi movies to watch offline. Several Punjabi movies on Youtube have HD Quality with high resolution.

4. Punjabi Movies online

Punjabi movies online is a good website to watch Punjabi movie online and offline. As I have watched its homepage, there are different movies there like: Arjun Patiala, Shadaa, Singham, Vadda Kalakar etc. Watch and enjoy Punjabi movies here.

5. Moviespur

This is mind blowing website to download Punjabi movies. You can download HD Quality movies also. Never go with Torrent.

6. Amazon Prime Video

There are many Punjabi movies available on Amazon Prime video too. Presently, there is no big collection of Punjabi movies on this site. But they are expanding their operation day by day.

7.  Zee5

You can visit on Zee5 to watch some popular old Punjabi movies.Presently, there is no big collection of Punjabi movies on this site. But they are expanding their operation day by day.

 8. Eros Now

Eros Now is expanding its profile in Punjabi movies too. There is a lot of collection of previously launched Punjabi movies here. Watch and enjoy. You can watch or can add in watchlist a movie.



Forget huge electricity bills- Buy Solar Air Conditioners

From April to September months are extremely scorching in India. These are month of harsh summer season. No one feels safe himself without shelter of cool shade or cooling. Air conditioner is the best option to protect against this intense heat. Otherwise the harsh weather harms human body a lot. Chilly air of air conditioner sooth our body. But the electricity bill gives shocks to us. Due to use of Ac in summer, bill amount hike double or triple than normal in other seasons. Summer lasts 6 months. You can imagine how expensive use of Ac is in summer.  It heavily attacks on pocket of a middle class man.

Buying an ac is not a complicated job but paying bills is bit tough. Have you ever though if you find a tremendous alternate to an electricity air conditioner? Yes, it is possible with help of solar energy. Solar energy has tremendous scope in our country. Geographical location of our country is suitable to it. India is a tropical country where sunlight is available almost throughout the year. A roughly estimate by educationist people, it amounts to 3k hours of sunshine. This can be produced 5k trillion Kwh. Most of Indian states receive good sunlight throughout the year.

After arrival of solar energy in India, now solar ac are also launched by various companies. Solar ac works on solar system and eliminate your tension of heavy electricity bills. These also diminish carbon emission. It is very effective solution for hot and humid climate areas. Where scarcity of electricity or frequent cuts of grid electricity, it will prove a sigh of relief.


Advantages of a solar air conditioner

  1. Solar ac works without grid electricity with help of solar energy. It cuts your electricity bills and saves money.
  2. There is low maintenance of solar ac than electrical.
  3. This is immensely useful for those areas where no electricity is.
  4. Solar Ac helps to reduce carbon emission.
  5. Solar Ac indirectly saves natural sources which are used to produce grid electricity.
  6. Solar energy is easily available everywhere so it is easy to use anywhere.

How Hybrid Solar Thermal Air Conditioner works?

Hybrid Solar Thermal Air Conditioner absorbs thermal solar energy by using a thermal collector with copper heat conducting inner coils. This then utilizes the stored energy in the solar collector to continue the refrigeration cycle while the compressor is off using a larger stored amount of refrigerant liquid in the condenser.


Now mostly solar thermal hybrid air conditioners are used. These have three options to work

  1. It works with solar energy and solar panel will charge battery bank at same time.
  2. It works on Solar battery bank (in absence of sunlight)
  3. It runs with grid electricity (if first two are not available)


Solar thermal hybrid air conditioners are quite costly than electrical air conditioners. These have double or triple prices than normal electrical ac. But in long run, these are economically beneficial. After 5-7 years, your cost of purchase will complete. You will use it free of cost after it. It is power efficient device.

Price of 1 ton solar thermal hybrid air conditioner is near Rs. 99,000 (without taxes) in India


Performance Specification:
Capacity 1 Ton
Model No. VSN35.WV2
Star Rating 5
ERR 3.51
Cooling / Heating BTU/h 12000
Air Circulation (msq/h) 650
Refrigerant R-410A
Condenser Copper
Electrical Specifications
Power Supply Volt 230V
Power Input Wattage 998 w
Running Current AMP 4.47 amp
System Specifications:
Air Filters Anti Bactria, Vitamin C, Titanium Di-Oxide
Air Flow 4 Way Swing
Panel Display Digital
Remote Control LCD
Noise Levels 33
Indoor Dimensions W-985, H-270, D-210, Weight-9KG
Outdoor Dimensions W-780, H-540, D-260, Weight-30KG


Solar System Specification:

Solar Panels 1.5 kW
6 Nos. x 250W
Solar Inverter 2.5 kVA Off Grid
Solar Batteries (Optional) 4 Nos x 150 AH
Solar Accessories Standard

Disclaimer: specifications is for indication only. We don’t give you 100% guarantee of accuracy of given information here. Kindly check everything from the seller on your behalf.

Price of 1.5 ton solar thermal hybrid air conditioner is near Rs. 139,000 (without taxes) in India

Performance Specification:
Capacity 1.5 Ton
Model No. VSN55.WV2
Star Rating 5
Cooling / Heating BTU/h 18000
Air Circulation (msq/h) 900
Refrigerant R-410A
Condenser Copper
Electrical Specifications
Power Supply Volt 230V
Power Input Wattage 1451 W
Running Current AMP 6.54 amp
System Specifications:
Air Filters Anti Bactria, Vitamin C, Titanium Di-Oxide
Air Flow 4 Way Swing
Panel Display Digital
Remote Control LCD
Noise Levels 35
Indoor dimensions W-1070, H-300, D-240, Weight-11KG
Outdoor dimensions W-860, H-660, D-210, Weight-41KG
Solar System Specification:
Solar Panels 2.5 kW
10 Nos. x 250W
Solar Inverter 4 kVA Off Grid
Solar Batteries (Optional) 4 Nos x 210 AH
Solar Accessories Standard

Disclaimer: specifications is for indication only. We don’t give you 100% guarantee of accuracy of given information here. Kindly check everything from the seller on your behalf.

Samsung- The company among the largest Mobile Manufacturers and Sellers

A predominant brand in smartphone manufacturing, Samsung Electric Industries was started in 1938 by Lee Byung-chull.  South Korea based company has headquartered in the country. The company is multinational conglomerate. Samsung is the biggest Korean company.  The company has diversified profile in different sectors. The company was making products and providing services for food processing, textiles, insurance, securities, and retail. Samsung entered in electronics industry in 1960s. Samsung had intensified its activities in mobile & other electronics making and selling and globalized the setup.  By 2017, Samsung was sixth highest global brand value.  The company has robust influence over economic development of South Korea.


[Photo credit: Samsung]

As of 2019, Samsung has its mobile phone manufacturing units in 6 countries – Vietnam, China, India, Brazil, Indonesia, and South Korea. Fifty percent of Samsung mobile phones are manufactured in Vietnam and 8% in Korea. Rest is manufactured in Brazil, India, Indonesia and China. Year 2018 was luck for India because Samsung decided to expand its production and opened a new mobile phone manufacturing factory in Noida, UP, India. The factory was started under “Make in India” imitative & it is considered the largest mobile phone production plant of the world.

[Photo credit: Samsung]

Samsung released its first ever Android smartphone in 2009. As of 2017, number of Samsung smartphone user was near 299.24 million.  The company is among prominent mobile sellers in India as well as in the world. Samsung has used Linux based mobile operating system Tizen. Tizen OS is a unique attempt by Samsung to reduce dependence over Android OS. It is noticeable that Android powers most of its mobile phones.

Samsung Galaxy is series of mobile devices designed, manufactured and sold by Samsung Electornics. The product series includes Samsung Galaxy S series of elegant smarphones, Samsung Galaxy Tab series of tablets and Samsung Galaxy Note series of tablets and phablets (half-smartphone and half-tablet mobile) (phone+tablet=phablet).

[Photo credit: Samsung]

The revenue of the company was Rs. 55,511 crore in India in FY 2017. This was increase by 11% in next year. It was Rs. 61065 crore in FY 2018.

(Note: The revenue data is based on regulatory filing at  Registrar of Companies (RoC) in India.)

The company has been competing with other technology leaders in the market and making and selling feature packed & budget mobiles on reasonable prices. The prime competitors are VIVO, Xiaomi, OPPO and Huawei. These are china based technology companies.

Visit official website : Samsung

List of 300+ Social Bookmarking Site List for 2019

 Social Bookmarking is an off page SEO technique. This technique is use to get high quality backlinks with high traffic with promotion. Social Bookmarking is the ideal way to index your websites in top search engines (Google, Yahoo & Bing). Most of top social bookmarking sites have high PR, if you will make backlinks on them; your site rank will improve. Submission on high PR social bookmarking sites will help to generate huge traffic. You will experience sea change in your site ranking, it will reduce bounce rate and improve your domain authority.  Here we have compiled a list of 300+ Social Bookmarking sites:

Watch:  Best social bookmarking websites for 2018

List of 10 social bookmarking sites

List of Countries in the world with their capitals

Still it is not exactly clear about number of countries in the world. The list is given as per political map. 195 countries are officially accepted as independent nations with their capitals. Certain countries have more than one capital. We have also added those countries in the list.  The list is in alphabetic order (A to Z).


Afghanistan: Kabul

Albania: Tirana

Algeria: Algiers

Andorra: Andorra la Vella

Angola: Luanda

Antigua and Barbuda: Saint John’s

Argentina: Buenos Aires

Armenia: Yerevan

Australia: Canberra

Austria: Vienna

Azerbaijan: Baku



The Bahamas: Nassau

Bahrain: Manama

Bangladesh: Dhaka

Barbados: Bridgetown

Belarus: Minsk

Belgium: Brussels

Belize: Belmopan

Benin: Porto-Novo

Bhutan: Thimphu

Bolivia: La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial)

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Sarajevo

Botswana: Gaborone

Brazil: Brasilia

Brunei: Bandar Seri Begawan

Bulgaria: Sofia

Burkina Faso: Ouagadougou

Burundi: Gitega (changed from Bujumbura in December 2018)


Cambodia: Phnom Penh

Cameroon: Yaounde

Canada: Ottawa

Cape Verde: Praia

Central African Republic: Bangui

Chad: N’Djamena

Chile: Santiago

China: Beijing

Colombia: Bogota

Comoros: Moroni

Congo, Republic of the: Brazzaville

Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Kinshasa

Costa Rica: San Jose

Cote d’Ivoire: Yamoussoukro (official); Abidjan (de facto)

Croatia: Zagreb

Cuba: Havana

Cyprus: Nicosia

Czech Republic: Prague


Denmark: Copenhagen

Djibouti: Djibouti

Dominica: Roseau

Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo


East Timor (Timor-Leste): Dili

Ecuador: Quito

Egypt: Cairo

El Salvador: San Salvador

Equatorial Guinea: Malabo

Eritrea: Asmara

Estonia: Tallinn

Ethiopia: Addis Ababa


Fiji: Suva

Finland: Helsinki

France: Paris


Gabon: Libreville

The Gambia: Banjul

Georgia: Tbilisi

Germany: Berlin

Ghana: Accra

Greece: Athens

Grenada: Saint George’s

Guatemala: Guatemala City

Guinea: Conakry

Guinea-Bissau: Bissau

Guyana: Georgetown



Haiti: Port-au-Prince

Honduras: Tegucigalpa

Hungary: Budapest


Iceland: Reykjavik

India: New Delhi

Indonesia: Jakarta

Iran: Tehran

Iraq: Baghdad

Ireland: Dublin

Israel: Jerusalem*

Italy: Rome


Jamaica: Kingston

Japan: Tokyo

Jordan: Amman


Kazakhstan: Astana

Kenya: Nairobi

Kiribati: Tarawa Atoll

Korea, North: Pyongyang

Korea, South: Seoul

Kosovo: Pristina

Kuwait: Kuwait City

Kyrgyzstan: Bishkek


Laos: Vientiane

Latvia: Riga

Lebanon: Beirut

Lesotho: Maseru

Liberia: Monrovia

Libya: Tripoli

Liechtenstein: Vaduz

Lithuania: Vilnius

Luxembourg: Luxembourg


Macedonia: Skopje

Madagascar: Antananarivo

Malawi: Lilongwe

Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur

Maldives: Male

Mali: Bamako

Malta: Valletta

Marshall Islands: Majuro

Mauritania: Nouakchott

Mauritius: Port Louis

Mexico: Mexico City

Micronesia, Federated States of: Palikir

Moldova: Chisinau

Monaco: Monaco

Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar

Montenegro: Podgorica

Morocco: Rabat

Mozambique: Maputo

Myanmar (Burma): Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)


Namibia: Windhoek

Nauru: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District

Nepal: Kathmandu

Netherlands: Amsterdam; The Hague (seat of government)

New Zealand: Wellington

Nicaragua: Managua

Niger: Niamey

Nigeria: Abuja

Norway: Oslo


Oman: Muscat


Pakistan: Islamabad

Palau: Melekeok

Panama: Panama City

Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby

Paraguay: Asuncion

Peru: Lima

Philippines: Manila

Poland: Warsaw

Portugal: Lisbon


Qatar: Doha


Romania: Bucharest

Russia: Moscow

Rwanda: Kigali


Saint Kitts and Nevis: Basseterre

Saint Lucia: Castries

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Kingstown

Samoa: Apia

San Marino: San Marino

Sao Tome and Principe: Sao Tome

Saudi Arabia: Riyadh

Senegal: Dakar

Serbia: Belgrade

Seychelles: Victoria

Sierra Leone: Freetown

Singapore: Singapore

Slovakia: Bratislava

Slovenia: Ljubljana

Solomon Islands: Honiara

Somalia: Mogadishu

South Africa: Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judiciary)

South Sudan: Juba

Spain: Madrid

Sri Lanka: Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)

Sudan: Khartoum

Suriname: Paramaribo

Swaziland: Mbabane

Sweden: Stockholm

Switzerland: Bern

Syria: Damascus


Taiwan: Taipei

Tajikistan: Dushanbe

Tanzania: Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative)

Thailand: Bangkok

Togo: Lome

Tonga: Nuku’alofa

Trinidad and Tobago: Port-of-Spain

Tunisia: Tunis

Turkey: Ankara

Turkmenistan: Ashgabat

Tuvalu: Vaiaku village, Funafuti province


Uganda: Kampala

Ukraine: Kyiv

United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi

United Kingdom: London

United States of America: Washington, D.C.

Uruguay: Montevideo

Uzbekistan: Tashkent


Vanuatu: Port-Vila

Vatican City (Holy See): Vatican CitylIST

Venezuela: Caracas

Vietnam: Hanoi


Yemen: Sanaa


Zambia: Lusaka

Zimbabwe: Harare