What is a Coronavirus (Covid-19) & How did it wreak havoc in Italy & rest of the world?

A deadly infectious disease spread throughout the world in year 2020. The emerging point of the disease was Wuhan city of China. The disease started in December 2019 and rapidly clutched the world. The disease was declared pandemic by World Health Organization (WHO). By April 03 2020, near 1 million people (10, 000, 00) of the world were infected with this life-threatening disease. Over 54,000 people were died with coronavirus. Covid-19 means coronavirus.

Covid-19 has already grasped many European countries including Italy, Spain and Germany. It has witnessed havoc like situation in Italy. Covid-19 has killed near 14000 people alone in Italy.  There are more than 1 Lakh confirmed cases in Italy. Covid-19 has taken hold in USA, South East Asia and South America.

As per researches, Covid-19 (Coronavirus) was spread through a chain of transmission. A chain of transmission means coronavirus spreads through an infected person when he/she sneezes and coughs before someone or in crowd. The infection spread in others. More than 10% persons were infected by someone who has virus but symptoms were not clear.

In order to combat with covid-19, Indian government has announced 21 days national lockdown in the country.  The purposes of the lockdown are to break the transmission chain of the covid-19. Indian PM Mr. Narendra Modi announced one day Janta Curfew for 22 March 2020; it was successful event to curb the spread of covid-19 infection. All vehicles were stopped including trains and public and private buses. All shops and businesses of India will be closed for 21 days (till April 14, 2020) with necessary services open. Staying at home can break the chain and also reduce the infection among the other people. As we have noticed that covid-19 spreads rapidly.

The coronavirus has created troubles for many developed nations including Italy, Spain and U.S; China is recovering from covid-19 fast.

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are from a family of viruses that cause disease in animals. After emerging from China, it spread in the world in beginning of 2020. The virus is given name Covid-19. Covid-19 means corona virus disease 2019. Covid-19 is similar to SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome); an ailment which spread in year 2002 and 2003.

 

How did Covid-19 emerge?

It is not sure about the origin of starting of covid-19 but the sources say that it was started from “wet market” of Wuhan city of China where dead and live animals are sold. As we discussed earlier, the virus was transmitted from animals to humans. So it is believed that there is lack of hygiene and cleanliness where animals are kept and slaughtered. The non-hygienic atmosphere is responsible to origin of the viruses.

Is covid-19 originated by animals; it is yet not confirmed but bats are considered host of the covid-19.  Bats are not sold like other animals in the Wuhan market but they have infected the animals sold there.

What are common symptoms of Coronavirus?

In the beginning of the covid-19, the symptoms of the disease are like flu. In initial stage, common symptoms are dry cough, cold, fever, tiredness & difficulty in breathing.  Other symptoms are loss of taste and stomach problems. The disease can take up to 14 days to develop in a human body. Covid-19 is a contagious and infectious disease which can primarily spread through cough, sneeze and saliva of an infected person. It also may spread through discharge of nose (due to cold) of infected person.

Is there any treatment for Covid-19?

 

There is no such particular treatment and medicine for covid-19 but scientists and doctors are trying to find it. Many clinical trials are done but still efforts are continue. The disease is very new so it takes time to discover a confirmed medicine for it. As per sources, warm water has properties to give relief to an infected person. A person needs to gargle with warm salty water time to time. The infected person should stay away from other family members.

Precautions

 

Wash your hands frequently to keep hygiene of the hands. Frequently clean your hands and cover your face while sneezing and coughing.  Sanitize your hands with soap and water or with hand-sanitizer frequently.

Wear a mask on face when you go outside.

 

Keep social distance at least 1-2 meters from other people. Stay home and stay safe. Don’t go outside unnecessarily. Don’t go in crowd in this outbreak of covid-19.

 

As we know that it spreads through sneeze, cough and droplets of infected person. Visiting in crowd can increase risk of infection.

 

Similar to cold and flu virus, covid-19 spreads via droplets when an infected person sneezes or coughs.  The droplets may be stick to any surface and picked by another persons. Most of times, people get infected via touching infected hands to their face (nose, mouth or eyes).  It is not sure yet whether the virus is airborne.

How did Covid-19 spread quickly in Italy and the world?

It is a common question in a mind of every man: how did covid-19 spread quickly in Italy?  We will discuss on main reasons behind it.

We all know that covid-19 is undoubtedly highly contagious virus. Initially, Italy did not recognize that all Chinese businessmen and tourists coming to Venice and Milan may carry Covid-19.

Italy has strong business connection with china. As we all know that Italy is famous for fashion modeling. Milan is fashion hub for the world.  In beginning, Italy did not adopt any strict screening process for these Chinese visitors. Italy also did not properly check the Italians coming back to their country (especially those came back from China).

 

It is supposed that either some Chinese visitor’s infected local people of Italy or some Italian (who visited China in those days) have infected other local people.

It seems a sigh of relief that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has mentioned that there is no evidence that authenticates that COVID-19 has been transmitted via imported goods.

 

Note: we are not professional health advisers. We only believe in sharing information for knowledge purposes only.

 

 

 

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